How to select food from the market
In general without any mechanical damages or bruises.
Fruits - well ripened, with peculiar smell and colour for the specific fruit without any damages, rotten and reject uneven ripen fruits (mango, papaw, and banana)
Firm fruits - feel firm (apples and pears)
Tomatoes and Soft fruits - good ripe ones if intend to consume the same day and select slightly under-ripe ones to ripen at home for the next use.
Leafy greens, broccoli, carrots, etc - crisp and firm, without any sign of wilt or discolouring
Tubers - no mechanical damage, sprouted (such as potato, sweet potato, and any other onion, garlic, ginger etc).
Grains - good quality seeds, free from inert matter, without any insect damage or any insects, well dried
Spices - well dried, with peculiar colour, smell for the specific spice, without inert matter
In general any animal product with peculiar colour, smell and texture depend on the specific item
Eggs - shell must be clean, unbroken and practically normal in shape and texture, average in weight (air cell should be not depth)
Fish - bright, clear eyes, gills rich red, without bad smell, if press the meat with finger, It should be disappear. Reject If finger print remains same
Beef - firm and slightly moist with a fresh red colour, well marbled with fat, but don't judge the quality of the beef by the colour of the fat itself
Pork –select with more lean meat than fat and bone, flesh in pink, relatively firm, well marbled and covered with firm white fat.
Organic meat, poultry, eggs and dairy products - come from animals that are not given antibiotics or growth hormones
In general for any processed food- peak quality remains soon after manufacturing of the product, check the expiry date. Must be perfect sealing, and necessary information on the label depending on the end user
Canned products - reject bulge, damage, leakage cans with any rust
Bottled products - check the seal of the cap, observe the colour , and appearance of the product through the glass
Other packaged products- check the sealing of package and see the appearance of the product if transparent
Cooked products - observe the texture, aroma, colour depend on the product
Note: If a product labelled "organic," -a government-approved certifier inspects the farm where the food is grown to make sure the farmer meets the organic standards recommended.
Also the Companies that handle or process organic food before it reaches the supermarket or restaurant must be certified, too.